Author Archives: Adm1n

Maintaining Your Zoysia GrassZoysia is a particular variety of hardy grass that grows well in a wide range of conditions. This type of grass also requires far less watering and mowing than most grasses. This particular variety of grass can also create a natural thick and soft carpet that feels great for bare feet. Zoysia is also ideal because it actually grows differently. It expands sideways and doesn't grow higher in a short span of time. Because of this, this type of grass can become so dense and becomes effective at choking out most summer weeds and replacing existing grass that you don't want on your lawn anymore.

Although Zoysia is a low-maintenance type of grass, it still needs proper care and maintenance to make sure they maintain their appeal and good condition. Below are some useful tips you can follow to maintain your Zoysia grass:

Fertilize. All well-maintained lawns are fertilized with the right amount and kind needed for that particular grass and on a schedule based on the growing season. When you fertilize, you keep the grass healthy and enable them to build resistance to disease and insect damage. Lawn care experts say that you should fertilize your turf heavily in the spring and summer - a practice called "main feeding" of your Zoysia turf.

Cut Zoysia grass at the height of just one to two inches. Zoysia has a high silica content in which the blade becomes tougher when the leaf is permitted to grow longer. Zoysia also has a stiffer blade texture than most lawn grasses; as such, it requires the blades of a mower to be sharpened more often to obtain the maximum clipping action. Lawn care experts also recommend that you mow your turf 1 to 2 times a week if watered and fertilized more or every 7-14 days on a low fertilization and watering schedule.

Water the grass only when necessary. Zoysia is more drought resistant in the cooler regions. When fully established, they have a deep root system and should only be watered when they show signs of needing it. The normal rate of water for good growth of Zoysia is 1 inch per week. A clear indication of water stress is when the blades start to curl inward. In addition, water only in the early afternoon on new plantings or early morning on established turf grasses for the best results.

Remove thatch. Finally, lawn care experts say that every other year, remove accumulated thatch and debris. It is best to do this in the late winter before the turf turns green. Use a commercial machine to scalp or de-thatch remove debris from your lawn.

Design Layout for a Small GardenEveryone loves a beautiful garden whether big or small. Designing your ideal garden is easy when proper planning is done in advance. A small patio garden is very private and easy to maintain, depending on where you would like your garden to be laid out. If you are living in a small complex where there is no space for a garden, you can design the garden on your patio. If you have small but enough space, then go on and design the ideal garden you want.

If it's your first time designing a garden you can either hire a professional landscape architect, or you can do it yourself. Designing your own garden shouldn't be very difficult especially if you have ideas on how you would want it to look. Either way, designing your garden should be a fun and relaxing experience. Get all the information you would require to design a garden and do it yourself. You will get a list of garden items such as flowers, plants, spade, wheel barrow, garden fork, paving bricks, cobblestones and other garden tools. Think about where you want to place the flowers, which areas are to be covered with grass and where to place the walkways. If you want to have a water feature, find out where the pipes will be laid and where the water feature will look best. Keep in mind that it will need to be a small feature otherwise it will take up much space. Consider placing it along a wall so that it's not in the way and it will create a serene scene. Choose paving bricks that are weather resistant and cobblestones that suit the theme of your garden.

Once your planning is done, then you can start with the planting process. The earlier you plant your seedlings the sooner you can start on the next step. While small gardens and terrace patio undoubtedly come with their own set of design challenges, even the most economical of plots can be reworked into beautiful and elegant outdoor havens.

Think small but perfectly formed. Using space intelligently is the key to making a small garden work such as seats that double up as storage, wall-mounted flower pots or herb planters and even folding furniture will all help free up precious space. The right garden accessories and plant species can set the tone for a tranquil outdoor atmosphere. You could add a small gazebo that can bring lots of shelter. Surround your gazebo with cobblestonesand some grass for relaxing summer picnics.

To light up your garden you can use solar panels and lanterns that are the safest and most eco-friendly options in your garden and they can placed anywhere in your garden. Think out of the box when it comes to a small garden space and you'll create a tranquil masterpiece

The Paving Warehouse & Wonder Rock, masters in the art of simulated rock, are no ordinary stone masoners. The Paving Warehouse is South Africa's leading manufacturer of simulated rock, with applications both indoors and outdoors, each stone cast is a classic.

Use Organic FertilizerMany of us are concerned about how safe our home garden's fertilizer is. We want to grow our own healthy veggies, but don't want to add to the problem of illness and pesticide poisoning. This can be a challenging task. It seems like all the great gardeners, the ones that bring in the mega harvests, have an awesome fertilizer by their side. Who knows what this fertilizer contains? All we really know is the amazing effect it has on our plants.

What if I told you there was a fertilizer you could be sure about? One that will give the plants in your garden all the nutrients they need, but in a natural one. Yes, I'm sure you want a fertilizer that can explain itself, and list an honest disclosure of all the ingredients it posses. If this is your wish, then you're looking for an Organic fertilizer.

Organic fertilizers aren't hard to find. I'm not saying that you'll be able to find them in the garden section of Walmart, but if you go to a gardening store, you should be able to find at least one brand that says organic on it. Even Ace, or a hardware store will most likely have a brand. It's more likely that this product will be in stoke during the summer months. Stores tend to forget about winter veggies.

If you're not interested in going in store, it doesn't mean that you won't be able to find a product that's organic. It actually means that you'll have more of a selection as to which fertilizer to go with. Have you tried the lawn, and garden section on Amazon? Not only do they have thousands of gardening fertilizers for sale there, they also have hundreds of ones that are certified organic.

A great reason to by your organic fertilizer from Amazon is the access to reviews. These reviews are available to you whether you're a member of Amazon or not. There's also something called a verified review, this is a review written by someone that has bought the product from Amazon. Some reviews left on Amazon aren't fair, so you should read them all and really get a feel for the quality of the product.

You can also make your own organic fertilizer using compost. Have banana peels? These are very nutritious to plants. You could also try crushed egg shells as an ingredient for your home made fertilizer. I know a lot of gardeners say cabbage leaves do the trick. Another option is to put bean poles in the fertilizer, as they add nitrogen to the soil, something tomatoes need to thrive.

So you see, you don't have to use a product that was made in a lab to get the nutrition your soil needs actually in the ground. There are loads of natural ways to do it. Why risk your health with something that wasn't made the way nature intended? It's important that you keep your family safe with the right fertilizer in the garden.

Growing Your Own VegetablesVegetable gardening is making a comeback! If you're looking for reasons to raise your own vegetables, here are a few you may or may not have considered.

1. You can grow your own more conveniently than going to the store. Done right, gardening is easier. A small garden bed of lettuce, tomatoes, onions, and peppers and I have the freshest salad I can get anywhere and I didn't have to fight traffic to do it.

2. It's a hobby with a practical purpose. Though you could be golfing, playing baseball, hand gliding, skydiving, bungee jumping, camping, buying antiques, candle making, quilting, crocheting, ball room dancing, cooking, face painting, or oil painting, though some are quite practical, not one of them that is more practical than growing at least a part of a daily meal.

3. Using simple garden tools for gardening makes gardening economical. Although, you could also spend thousands of dollars for a couple hundred dollars' worth of food, because you bought one of those expensive tillers because some advertisement convinced you needed it, you should spend a few dollars on good quality hand tools.and grow those same vegetables for much less. If you save seed, you save even more.

4. You know where your spinach has been. (Think about this one for a moment and you may never eat at a salad bar again.) Imagine that the irrigation water used on the field came from a nearby CAFO. (Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation). Next imagine the migrant worker in the spinach field forgot to wash his hands after defecating, or the waitress sneezed into you salad. That doesn't happen with your home vegetable garden where you know who has handled your vegetables and the water came out of the hose on the side of your house.

5. Vegetables picked fresh from the garden have higher nutrient value than food bought at the store. Studies have shown that by the time we buy fresh vegetables at a grocery store, they have already lost 45% of their nutritional value. You will like thinking about that while you are eating a salad of vegetables that you picked a few minutes before serving.

6. Offers low impact exercise (or it should). Vegetable gardening not only offers nutritious food, but gives you reason to stretch and bend and lift. Just remember not to overdo it and to remember to bend your knees when lifting.

7. Brings families together. Children helping with gardening bring family closer together and children like vegetables better that they have helped plant and pick. Remember not to make weeding the only experience your child has in the garden, or this could drive your child into hiding when you mention the garden.

8. Is an educational experience. Gardening is a mandatory class in school. Years ago, I had a friend who was from a city in California. When he moved to the Missouri Ozarks, he didn't know that pickles were cucumbers. A couple years later he was growing his own cucumbers and making his own pickles.

9. Creates a better connection with nature. By digging in the soil and feeling the soil run between your fingers grounds you to the earth. In addition, you will enjoy the sounds of nature and the earth's smell.

10. Vegetable gardening offers you a chance to give back to the garden what you have taken out. Until you start converting your household garbage and yard wastes turning it into compost, you have no idea the synergistic effect that composting has on the soil. Garden soil was not inert dirt, but composed of living organisms that depend upon you as much as you depended on them. By gardening, you reconnect with nature, and that is an awesome feeling.

Perhaps now that you have read the ten reasons that I have, you might come up with ten reasons of your own. However, remember, all you need is one to grow the freshest, safest vegetables you've ever eaten.

Conservatory and an OrangeryFor many people who enjoy looking at their gardens and the outdoors from the shelter and warmth of the indoors, a conservatory or an orangery can be the ideal extension to the home. Many people are confused, however, about the difference between these two structures which seem to have a lot of similarities.

Indeed, the orangery and the conservatory are very similar. Both are structures which are simple extensions to the home, and make use of a large number of glass panels to allow a clear view into the garden. They act as a way to experience more natural light within the home, and even serve a practical purpose when it comes to growing plants indoors.

Initially, the orangery was an extension of a property or a stand-alone building, which was built with the purpose of growing citrus fruit plants and trees. This is where the name comes from of course, as oranges were some of the most popular citrus fruits that were grown in this kind of building, due to the exceptional light and warmth offered by the large windows.

The difference between this kind of structure and a greenhouse is that the orangery is much sturdier and larger, and can be treated as a place to relax rather than simply a place to grow plants. The same is true of the conservatory, which is a structure that also allows for some the same benefits of a greenhouse when it comes to growing plants.

The conservatory differs from the orangery in that it was initially built for the growing of different plants, not solely for cultivating citrus fruits. Various botanicals could be grown in the warmth of a conservatory, but this structure was generally not a stand-alone one, unlike orangeries.

Considering this, the conservatory can be said to often be more inline stylistically with the design of the original property home. It is treated as an actual extension, although it is mainly constructed from glass panels with very little brickwork and small walls to hold window frames.

Orangeries are a little different in that they were often stand-alone structures in their purest form, and therefore required solid brick structure in which glass panels were placed. The modern style of the orangery often reflects this period construction, using far more brickwork than conservatories.

Generally speaking, the orangery is focused on delivering an element of luxury and grandiosity, which can be compared to the conservatory which is a simple but luminous extension of the home. One element which makes orangeries special is the use of brickwork which can add a more luxurious and imposing appearance compared to the conservatory which consists mostly of glass.

Indeed, a conservatory is much more about viewing the garden from a window, whereas the other option is more about creating an impressive structure with a feel of 'Old World Elegance'.

Both of these types of properties are popular today with those looking to extend their properties, with conservatories being an excellent option for those who want to enjoy a view of their garden as much as possible, with the orangery offering a larger, more luxurious and more stylistic alternative.

You choice, therefore, will all depend on what you want to achieve. It should also be considered that as orangeries require more brickwork than the conservatory, they can require more construction work. This can also mean more expense, which is an important factor to consider for many individuals.

Both of these structures have their unique charm, and if you are interested in extending your home with one of them, it is strongly advised to consult with an expert in the design and installation of these structures, as they will give you a better idea of which is better for you.

Decorating Your Garden Romantic IdeasIf you are a couple living together then a time may come when you are so comfortable together that you forget about romance. Well, keeping the love burning and the romance going is essential for any committed relationship. If you have a garden then you can make use of it by adding some romance and surprises for your loved one.

Have a garden picnic. Get some mason jars with wiring around them that allow them to hang. Place a candle in each jar and hang them from the trees in your garden. Place about six to ten of the candle-lit jars around the picnic blanket. Place a carpet under the blanket so that it is a bit more solid for your picnic basket and drinks. Get a few fairy lights and hang them in your garden tree. You'll need to get a bit creative with this part. Print a few hearts, glue them on to cardboard and cut them out. Pierce a hole at the top of the heart and pull a string through it. Then hang these heart ornaments from the tree. This will create a romantic picnic set up in your own garden for both of you to enjoy.

Fall in love with Valentine's Day. Print a few pictures of hearts and cupid. Glue them onto cardboard and attach a string to them. Hang them in your garden. If you have flowers in your garden, they can form part of your decorations. If your flowers are not red, you can get a floral spray paint in red and spray all your flowers red. You can take some of those printed hearts and glue them on a piece of stiff wire. If you have a flagstone tiled pathway, you can stick the hearts in the ground along the sides of the pathway. Get a few lanterns and alternate them with the hearts to create a soft romantic lighting effect. With the cupid pictures that you've printed, cut out the arrows. Get a ball of cotton wool that is proportionate to the size of the cupid. Glue cupid onto the cotton wool ball. This will look like cupid is sitting on a cloud. Place these cupids on clouds in the tree or on a high surface so that it looks like they're floating in the air. Take the arrows that you had cut out and stick a piece of double sided tape behind it. As your guests spot the cupid in the trees, stick the arrow on them. They've been shot by cupid's arrow. This is a bit of decorative Valentine's fun and works well if you are chilling at your stone tiled braai pit in your back yard.


Organic GardeningIn this age of global warming of our planet, increasing pollution and fast food, many people no longer are confident of fresh products that are offered as many try to exert some control over what they eat.

Similarly, chemicals that have been used for so long within gardens are no longer accepted as the only means of channeling the vicissitudes of nature.

One of the key ways to improve our environment (and our health) is to 'be organic. "

Why organic gardening?

Organic gardening is one that uses only naturally occurring materials and does not use artificial fertilizers or chemicals.

Try to work with nature rather than against it.


Organically grown foods taste better than those grown with artificial fertilizers.

Costs: the organic material can be created by returning all waste back to the land, which is a cheap process compared to Inorganic which tend to be way more expensive in the long run.

Same with chemical sprays, If an orchard where parasites do not prove a problem is created, it saves a lot in the cost of chemicals.

Another advantage is that by adding organic material to Earth, it keeps getting better, pitching chemicals ultimately impoverishes the soil.

The size of the fruits of an organic garden are usually larger and higher quality.

Tips for planning organic garden

The first step to take when planning a garden is to make a list of what you want from it, imagine what you can achieve within the space and time available.

Once you have determined the priorities, then its time to situate or organize space available within that garden.

Some areas will be sunnier, others will have better land or soil, some spots much more humid and so on.

To cultivate a good garden you will have to look for the best position in relation to the sun and air.

If weeds grow better in one part than another, this may mean that the land is better there, Note the areas which have sun all day or only a partial day.

Caring for the Earth

Land is the most important part of your garden, the soil composition varies so keep a watch for this variance.

Sandy soils are very light and friable and easily drain.

The clay is formed consists of fine particles that stick together creating the stickiness characteristic of the clay. Clay drains very slowly, so clay soils create a wet and slippery environment in which few plants feel comfortable. Sticky and dry land is also very difficult to work.

Between these two types, clay and sandy soils can be improved simply by addition of fertile mulch.

A soil may be acidic or alkaline. The relative acidity / alkalinity of the soil pH is measured on a scale of 0 to 14 where 7 is neutral.

For the best organic garden soil it should be on the acid side of neutral point, at point 6.5, Below that the soil is too acidic and will not allow some minerals that plants need.

But clay soils, sandy, alkaline or acid can be modified.

Another consideration of soil structure is its profile. usually in a garden the topsoil contains the best land. The layer beneath it is known as groundwater. And below this is the true underground.
It is essential to keep these layers in their respective places.

Identification of layers of earth

Surface layer: is the darkest and richest part of the garden profile. It is where plants grow mainly and also where the most worms, bacteria and insects reside, many of them beneficial for plant growth.

Finally we must consider the area of hardness which can occur between the different soil layers. This is a correctable problem if it is not known early, If not correct it may compromise ones digging depth.

Soil analysis

To find out if your garden soil is clayey or sandy place a sample of it in a jar with water then shake it up, allow the different components to settle in layers and any organic material will float to the top.

For their ability to retain or lose water, dig a hole depth of a shovel and fill with water. Allow to drain and refill the hole. If that water disappears quickly that means that the soil drains well too. On the other hand if you still there after a few hours or even days it is clear that it is blocked to the opposite extreme.

If it disappears on a regular basis in half an hour or so, then its usage and capacity is correct.

There are several natural indicators of acidity or alkalinity of your soil. For example, if ferns are rowing in your garden or rhododendrons this means the soil is acidic.

Improve the land

Once the soil is analyzed only then will it be possible to see what can be done to improve it.

In light soils, such as gritty, its best to add decomposed organic material, this will help retain moisture and also provide nutrients for plants.

Clay soils are more problematic to treat, especially because they are hard and difficult to work. To improve it, you must add stones (gravel), because it improves drainage, separates the soil and makes it easier to work.

You can also add ash burnt weeds, organic material in the form of manure or poultry manure also help transform the ground into a lighter medium. Worms will constantly break it up and mix with the ground, worms will mulch most of the new layer down so that the original ground becomes fertile and usable again.

Sewer system

Drainage is an important part of improving the your soil. In the waterlogged terrain you can add gravel but if it's a serious problem with water stagnating after each downpour, you must install a proper drainage system.

This is done by digging ditches in the form of drainage pipes.

Cover with small stones or simply fill trenches with gravel covered rubble.

An alternative is to use water to create a pond then install water drainage pipes.

Gardening is not just about planting seeds and then sit back and wait for the harvest. In between these two events weeds try to colonize the bare soil and crop eating bugs seek these succulent plants.

Gardener job is to prevent this from happening.

For some, hoeing and weeding can be a very relaxing and not to mention therapeutic. When control of weeds or soil balance is lost, the gardening becomes a battle.

The secret is "little and often". If time permits devote an hour a day.

Another obstacle will be nature, it tends to get in the way of the gardener with occasional bad weather.

You can take steps to minimize their effect:


Creates several problems. First the wind can easily bring down the whole garden bed.

Windbreaks is something to consider in setting up any garden, although it may not be essential if you live in an urban area where the buildings protect it from the wind, but in rural areas it can be vital.

The best windbreaks are those that allow air to seep through. Although a wall or a fence will have a solid look and seem the best against strong winds, actually they cause much turbulence that can be as devastating as the wind itself.

A row of trees allows the wind to seep through naturally.

A much quicker solution is to build a fence to allow the wind to pass through it, It can be built of wood or bamboo.

A modern alternative is to use screens, sold especially for this. this type of wind shield must be firmly anchored in the ground and need to be renewed or replaced from time to time.

A hedge creates a perfect barrier slowing the wind causing it to seep through at a moderate stream.


The cold is not bad during the winter. It helps break down and kill the bugs that have surfaced. But when spring starts and you have started plantations, frost can be a killer or at very least a hindrance.

The gaps can be covered with metal or fabric, place a fence or a hedge at an angle across the slope above the frost hole so that the cold air is diverted to one side and go elsewhere. A row of shrubs or curve as V uphill also divert cold air frost.

It is always advisable to have a flower garden near a field of vegetables. In some cases it may even help to mix the two.

An alternative preferred by many organic gardeners is to create a series of raised beds, each with one type or more of vegetables, planted in blocks rather than in rows.

Some plants grow better in containers or trays for planting later.

It is best to plant on cold days, preferably if there is a possibility that a light rain may fall. The damp and cold help the plant survive.

Cemetery Rose CollectionsOne of the spring activities which I notably enjoy doing is to seek out the older cemeteries in our area and seeing what manner of antique roses are growing wild there. These beautiful but forgotten rose beauties are not restricted to cemeteries alone but can occasionally be discovered in the yards of old abandoned houses as well as in unused vacant lots. The sad part of this is that these wonderful plants have been forsaken by their planter and the rest of society.

Preserving heritage roses found in the local graveyards can readily reveal hundreds of antique and old garden rose varieties and in some cases rare specimens that are difficult or near impossible to obtain. Emphasis is usually placed upon those roses which are retrieved from abandoned sites, homesteads, cemeteries or along roadsides throughout the nation.

The one training topic which I have found to be lacking is the availability of hands-on workshops which deal with the topics of pruning climbing roses and re-rooting them. Remember some of the tales you heard years ago on how so and so would place a small rose stem into the ground and over it place a Mason jar to encourage growth? Or perhaps you recall the story of the early pioneers as they made their way out west in their covered wagons and bringing with them their cuttings from their favorite rose bushes? To me growing roses from cuttings has always provided an appreciation of the plant. I see nothing complicated about taking a small rose cutting and rooting it in order to start a new plant. Naturally there are various means at our disposal to accomplish this task. It has been said that some people might get their kicks by "rose rustling" at one of the deserted cemeteries in the area. I am one of those people. Although most roses have a scientific name and to be proper and correct you should label your rose with its scientific name, I like to christen the roses which I stumble upon with that name of the deceased person where it was discovered. If I find a rose bush on the gravesite of Joe Smith than I fittingly name it out of respect to the deceased the Joe Smith Rose.

Nothing in life is free and even though you may think that those rose cutting obtained from a cemetery are without cost they are not. In the interest of good will and playing our part in beautifying the older cemeteries and grave, I like to prune and clean up the rose bushes which I find. I do not just take a single cutting from the rose bush but rather give it a manicured look when I am finished. The managers who oversee the cemetery where the roses are will greatly appreciate the time expended to clean up a few gravesites. This is a good policy to follow and ensures that future rose hunters will be welcomed with open arms. Personally, I would not be opposed for the management of these graves to create their own rose plants and sell them in order to generate enough funds to help with garden maintenance, irrigation and repairing of damaged headstones.

Incidentally, years ago I had a lawn service and we specialized in lawn care for cemeteries. In order to win the contracts we would need to provide a million dollar insurance policy in the event we caused any damage to the headstones. We are lucky at this time that we as rose collectors do not have to comply with this sort of directive. Please do not ruin it for others and take care in all you do in collecting your rose cuttings.

Various historic rose collections often include several species of roses which are native to your particular part of the country. Rose lovers who discover these surviving roses which have been neglected and abandoned frequently will trim the plant and take cutting from their castoff branches. These cuttings will eventually grow and can be planted elsewhere. It is totally possible that you may find some unidentified cultures of roses which are unknown of in our modern times.

Who knows what you may find hidden in these graveyards. Perhaps you will uncover a unique seedling which will grow for many years and continuously bears huge clusters of flowers as it develops with its strong fragrance and odor. One rose bush I saw had grown into an unattractively shaped shrub which stood approximately five feet tall and as much as six feet wide. It was totally out of control. If you wish to keep your bush small you can prune and shape it as you please.

Once you have obtained your rose cuttings from the cemetery you can consider propagating them. Here are a few important tips to ensure that your cuttings take root.

When making your rose cuttings make sure to use very sharp cutters or you will risk crushing your rose stem. Make sure that all of the cuttings you obtain are from young but firm stems. These could be those stems where the flowers are beginning to fade or even from the fallen rose petals found around the plant. On some rose plants you may wish to use the stems from where the flowers have begun to fade in the springtime. Always keep your cuttings moist and provide good air circulation and plenty of sunlight. When you take your cuttings allow about 6 inches of stem with at least 3 bud eyes.

Roses tend to root better if you obtain cuttings which still have leaves attached. This will provide valuable sugars resulting from photosynthesis for root development. I like being safe and allow three leaves to stay upon the cut stem. When collecting keep a small spray bottle filled with water handy in order to mist your cuttings as you work on them. This will keep them in a fresh state since wilted rose cuttings usually will not root properly.

Roses represent an incredible plant species which is capable of forming roots from any bud eye along its stems. What this means to a collector is that where you make a cut is really immaterial. Often people will "wound" the plant at the base of the cutting by making a 1-inch vertical slice through the stem. Another method that is popular is to slice a strip of the stem from several sides of the base of the plant with a common nail clipper. Difficult to grow varieties often will benefit from such wounding as it sends out new roots along the cut of the wound.

Most roses will root without the benefit of plant growth compounds or rooting powders. The cuttings from roses contain a root promoting compound known as auxin. This product is created by the leaves or the growing buds and shoots tips. This compound collects at the base of the cutting at a point along the stem where the plants roots start to form. Those roses which fail to produce a sufficient quantity of this auxin chemical will usually find it is too difficult to root. This is the reason that many rose growers employ a commercial root growing compound.

One of the major factors which contribute to successful rooting of your cuttings is providing adequate amounts of moisture within the plants soil as well as in the surrounding air. Planting soil is very important to your roses. The medium which I found to be successful in rooting rose cuttings consists of a 50-50 blend of perlite and potting soil. This soil composition encourages root development and produces healthy plants. Some people prefer the simpler routine and merely place their cuttings in some moistened sand or a fine potting soil than they cover the pots with a zip-loc bag. I like to use and inverted soft drink bottle which has had the top portion cut off. This creates a miniature greenhouse and maintains a high humidity for the cuttings.

Let's now talk about the light requirements for the plants. Roses often tend to root better when they are placed under a bright light. A word of caution is necessary at this point. If you are using the miniature greenhouse method you must ensure that you avoid overheating the plants and provide adequate shade from the hotter afternoon sun. This is easily accomplished by placing your cuttings in a shaded area perhaps against a northern facing wall of your home or even beneath a tree.

You can not just go out and start cutting up the rose bushes as you please. Most rose cuttings are best accomplished in the spring or early summer season. The weather should be warm but not extremely hot. Naturally you can successfully root during just about any time of the year however be aware that it can take longer and your successful rooting may diminish in numbers. If rooted during the months of May or beginning of June you should have a good root system within a matter of two weeks. Any variety of rose is able to be rooted within a time frame of four weeks. The process may take longer if accomplished at different times of the year and might even take as much as eight weeks. Additionally, 100 degree intense summer heat is not conducive for rose cuttings or are the colder 32 degree and below winter temperatures.

Let's discuss several methods of rooting your rose plants. The first way to grow your rose cuttings is to simply stick the rose cutting in the ground without covering it. This method works exceptionally well in mild climate areas of the country. As a beginner perhaps the easiest way to grow you rose cuttings are with a mason jar. As the method says you do not need much equipment other than a quart size glass jar. A 2-liter plastic soda bottle with the bottom removed will also work well. Cut your rose stem to about 6 inches and remove the leaves from the very bottom. Stick several inches of the stem into the ground and cover the stem with the jar or the soda bottle. Periodically provide water to the soil surrounding the jar or your stem will dry out and die. In a few months your rose will take root and start showing new leaf development.

Another popular method of propagating rose plants is known as the baggie method. I have used this method to generate both lemon and orange seeds in the past. The process is actually very simple. Fill a 2-inch plastic pot with a good quality potting soil and insert the stem partway down into the pot. Place the pots into a one-gallon zip-lock bag and you sit back and wait. If you are planting more than one stem you can safely put four 2-inch pots into one gallon bag. It may also be of help if you place a few small sticks inside the bag to keep it upright and away from your stems.

In order to tell if your cutting is successful and has rooted properly you can lightly tug on the plant and if you feel any resistance it has developed a strong root system. If you happen to see roots growing from the drainage hole at the pot's bottom you can rest assured that it has rooted. If you see new leaves on your cutting than it has rooted sufficiently.

Once the rose cuttings have properly rooted they can be removed from the rooting space and hardened off for several days. This is done by placing the rose pots in a shady location where they will be undisturbed and protected from strong sun. Do not move them immediately into an area of hot sunshine as this will likely kill your new plants. As soon as they have developed a good root system and are displaying signs of developing new growth you can safety move them to an area of the sun light.

Now you can sit back and enjoy the fruits of your labor knowing that you have done a great service to the deceased by cleaning their gravesite rose bush and preserving the heritage rose you found.

Conservatory to Your HomeAs home is a place that we spend most of our leisure time, therefore making it a relaxing and enjoyable place is paramount. For those who have a garden and like to experience some of the pleasures of the outdoors whilst indoors, adding a conservatory or an orangery to your property is a great idea.

There are several specific benefits to having such an extension to your property; the first one is that it can actually add significant amount of value to your home. If you have the space for it and you have an enjoyable view to the exterior of your property, a conservatory is considered a highly desirable feature for many. This is especially true if your conservatory gets a lot of natural light.

It is true that the amount of value that your conservatory or orangery adds will all depend on the quality of design and build. There are many leading companies such as Ultraframe that are dedicated to supplying high quality frames and stunning finishes that will leave a strong positive impression on not only you, but anyone who decides to buy your property at a later date.

The next major advantage of having this kind of extension is that it adds a great deal of natural light to your home. This is especially a benefit if you live in one of the darker countries in the Northern Hemisphere such as the UK. Many of us enjoy the outdoors, but the disadvantage is that the weather does not always permit us to.

Having a conservatory or orangery can allow you to appreciate your garden and the outdoors while not being subject to the chilly temperatures and bad weather in your country at certain times of the year. It can also provide an excellent place to grow plants if you do not have a greenhouse, due to the excellent heat and light conditions.

The third benefit of building a conservatory is that it is actually a more cost-effective option than building an extension. Many people want to enjoy more space in their homes, and feel that adding an extension is the best way to do this. This can be costly however, due to the large amount of brickwork required.

A conservatory is an affordable alternative, and for other reasons listed in this article can actually be a very desirable one. Cheaper than an actual extension and allowing more natural light in as well as a view of your garden, it may be the perfect option for your home.

The fourth benefit is that it allows you to enjoy far more space in your home. This is closely linked with the advantage listed above in that such a construction is a very cost-effective type of extension. For growing families or for those who want to simply have more space on their property, conservatories can be a great idea.

Unlike other functional rooms in the home, a conservatory manufactured by top companies such as Ultraframe can provide the perfect relaxation area, where it is possible to appreciate your garden in natural light without the bustle and heavy traffic of other areas of the home.

This relaxing space is a welcome addition to any home and therefore it is well worth considering adding a conservatory or an orangery to your property if you have the space and the budget for it. High quality conservatories from leading companies such as Ultraframe do not have to be expensive either, and actually are a very cost effective option compared to actual property extensions.

If you are interested in this option for your home, it is advised to contact your local conservatory specialist in order to discover the ideal conservatory or orangery to meet your needs and tastes.


BroccoliFor those who are interested in gardening and want to explore the different ways of growing plants, aquaponics is a method that deserves some strong consideration. Aquaponics, as the name suggests, involves the use of the aquatic ecosystem to grow plants and also breed aquatic animals. In a way, it aims to recreate the aquatic ecosystem in order for the plants and animals to grow as nature intended..

If you are interested in starting an aquaponics system, then there are some things that you should take into consideration. Just as there are selected plants that grow on specific mediums, the aquaponics medium, too, has some specifications. In this article, we take a look at what plants can be grown on a hydrated medium, so that you can be well informed before you start your own aquaponics practice.

Plants That Can Be Grown with Aquaponics

There are a number of plants that can be grown with aquaponics. These are of different classes and types, which makes the entire system more versatile and better suited for an increase in yield. The plants that thrive best in an aquatic medium are:

Cruciferous Plants: The aquaponics system is best suited for cruciferous plants. These include:

  1. Broccoli
  2. Lettuce
  3. Cauliflower
  4. Beans

Nightshades: The second category of plants that have a great success rate in an aquaponics medium are the nightshades. These are:

  1. Tomatoes
  2. Capsicum and other bell pepper varieties
  3. Egg plant

Herbs: Other than the vegetables that we have covered in the above two points, the aquaponics system is also great for the cultivation of some herbs. These include:

  1. Basil
  2. Watercress
  3. Coriander
  4. Lemongrass
  5. Parsley
  6. Sage

Salad Variants: If you are someone who is living the healthy life and eating a lot of salads to keep you refreshed throughout the day, then aquaponics is your friend. This is because there are a lot of varieties of vegetables such as red salad onions, shallots, snow peas and tomatoes that can be grown in this way. Along with the cruciferous vegetables, all of this produce can be perfect for those looking to lead a healthier life.

Flowers for Increased Gardening Success: Those who have been cultivating plants in the aquaponics medium are well aware that sometimes you need to add a little something to the environment to allow it to yield better produce.

For this purpose, you can plant a variety of roses in your hydrated ecosystem. Roses are one of the those plants that can help increase your overall vegetable yield without depleting any of the essential nutrients in the aquatic ecosystem.

Moreover, aquaponic roses can ensure that your house stays fresh and fragrant at all times.

In this day and age where the market prices for vegetables keep going up, growing your own vegetables is a good alternative. The aquaponics system is one of the best ways for cultivating certain types of plants as it involves plants and aquatic animals in a mutually beneficial environment.

Being a self sustaining unit, this ecosystem is perfect for those looking for a way to reduce the cost of their grocery bills without sacrificing food quality. All in all, aquaponics is one of the most efficient and beneficial processes for growing your own vegetables.